A Christmas Carol
is a novella by English author Charles Dickens, first published by
Chapman & Hall on 19 December 1843. It tells the story of bitter old
miser Ebenezer Scrooge and his transformation resulting from
supernatural visits by Jacob Marley and the Ghosts of Christmases Past, Present and Yet to Come. The novella met with instant success and critical acclaim.
A Christmas Carol book was written and published in early
Victorian era Britain, a period when there was strong nostalgia for old
Christmas traditions together with the introduction of new customs, such
as Christmas trees and greeting cards. Dickens' sources for the tale
appear to be many and varied, but are, principally, the humiliating
experiences of his childhood, his sympathy for the poor, and various
Christmas stories and fairy tales.